۱۸٫۱ (۱) The Minister of National Revenue shall pay to a person within the meaning of section 123(1) of the Excise Duty Act a refund of the tax paid by the person in accordance with Part IX of this Act, to the extent and in the manner prescribed for the refund in a stand-alone agreement with a First Nation. The biggest challenge for the Carcross/Tagish First Nation is to implement their agreements without sufficient resources. There are 14 First Nations in the Yukon. Eleven of these countries are self-governing, while the other three are governed by the Indian Act. The 11 self-governing First Nations have legislative and executive powers, much like a province or territory. In 1993, they signed the Final Framework Agreement (MFA) with the governments of Canada and Yukon. The UFA has served as the basis for individual self-government agreements between each First Nation and the territorial and federal governments. These individual agreements were signed between 1993 and 2006. (See also Comprehensive Land Claims.) While this article focuses on the 11 self-governing First Nations, the other three First Nations are in the Yukon White River, Liard and Ross River. 5 (1) The self-government agreements of the Champagne and Aishihik First Nations, the Nacho Nyak Dun First Nation, the Tlingit Teslin Council and the Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation, signed on May 29, 1993, shall come into force on the day this Act comes into force. The Champagne and Aishihik First Nations held preliminary discussions on the effective delivery of programs and services. Priorities include local government services, natural and cultural resources, and development evaluation. However, program and service transfer agreements continue to face challenges due to the different priorities and agreements between the Champagne and Aishihik First Nations, the Government of Canada and the Government of Yukon.
The biggest challenge for Yukon First Nations is the successful implementation of their agreements. The Public Prosecution Service of Canada is a federal government agency created on December 12, 2006. The organization is responsible for prosecuting crimes under more than 50 federal statutes and providing criminal advice to law enforcement agencies. Cases prosecuted by the Office of the Attorney of Canada include drugs, organized crime, terrorism, tax law, money laundering and proceeds of crime, crimes against humanity and war crimes, crimes committed under the Criminal Code in the territories and a large number of federal offences, including Canada`s Elections Act. The Canadian Wildlife Service, Northern Conservation Division, worked with First Nations, governments, committees and renewable resource councils to develop the management plan for the northern mountain woodland caribou population. In order to put the final Framework Agreement into practice, a working group was formed for its implementation. The group, which still operates today, includes representatives from each of the self-governing First Nations, as well as territorial and federal governments. Yukon land claims and self-government agreements are the foundation of lasting relationships between our societies, cultures and governments. c/o Yukon Land Use Planning Council 307 Jarvis Street, Suite 201, Whitehorse (Yukon Y1A 2H3) Telephone 867-667-7397fax 867-667-4624 Toll free 1-866-353-2374End email@example.com Twitter PWPC (2) The fine that may be imposed on a person convicted of a crime under the law of a First Nation may not exceed $5,000 and the term of imprisonment that may be imposed for such an offence, may not exceed six months.
until an agreement on the administration of justice between the First Nation, Her Majesty and the Government of Yukon is in effect, or until the expiry of a transition period provided for in the First Nations Self-Government Arrangement to reach such an agreement, whichever comes first. Yukon land claims refer to the process of negotiating and settling Aboriginal land claim agreements in Yukon, Canada, between First Nations and the federal government. Based on historical occupation and use, First Nations claim fundamental rights to all countries. “We are pleased to be on the cusp of the creation of a Yukon First Nations School Board that will give Yukon First Nations more control, authority and responsibility over the education of their citizens and support self-determination,” said Dana Tizya-Tramm, Chief of the Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation, one of the signatories to the agreement and Chair of the Chiefs` Committee on Education. In an effort to make informed recommendations to the federal Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, the Subcommittee chaired and participated in numerous meetings with various groups, including First Nations, non-governmental organizations, renewable resource councils, federal officials and commercial fishers. 3. The Minister shall publish in the Canada Gazette the day on which a self-government agreement referred to in subsection 2 comes into force. 3. Notwithstanding subsection (2), up to the earliest of the situations referred to in this subsection and to the extent provided for in a First Nations self-government agreement, a fine of not more than $300,000 may be imposed on a person who is convicted of an offence under a First Nations Statute enacted under paragraph 11(1)(c) in respect of Smith, It explains how the education provided by the Canadian government is not relevant to the values and beliefs of Yukon Aborigines. The Canadian government offers studies related to economics and mainly encourages students to pursue post-secondary education.  Smith believes that if Yukon First Nations are empowered to change the education system, they would be able to develop programs that are relevant and appropriate for Indigenous peoples.  Programs could include land education, arts and crafts.
Before Yukon First Nations regained self-government, the federal government regulated how they could use their lands. Prior to the agreement, Yukon First Nations claimed Yukon lands and resources as all under their ownership.  This was based on the traditional occupation and use of these lands. But all Yukon affairs were controlled by Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC).  INAC was responsible for establishing programs related to law, land reserves, health, social services and housing. Yukon First Nations bands implemented these programs but did not have the authority to change them.  2. Any authority of a First Nation listed in Schedule II, including the power to legislate, may be delegated by law of the First Nation to another First Nation or to another entity or person to the extent that the delegation is consistent with the Constitution and the First Nations Self-Government Agreement. 30 Unless the members of a board of directors of a First Nation listed in Schedule II were selected before the effective date of the First Nations Self-Government Agreement, the persons who were the chief and council members of the First Nation`s predecessor Group immediately before that date are the members of the board of directors from that date until a governing body is selected in accordance with the First Nations Constitution. Each land claims agreement is also accompanied by a self-government agreement that gives First Nations the right to legislate in a number of areas. These agreements give First Nations the power to control and direct their own affairs and describe a First Nation`s ability to assume responsibility for delivering programs or services to its citizens.
 ۲۲(۱) Subject to subsection 2, after the coming into force of a self-government agreement under subsection 21(1) or a subsequent agreement under subsection 21(2), the lands referred to in the self-contained arrangement and previously held by Her Majesty for the use and benefit of a predecessor group of the First Nation apply to, or lands declared as such in the following agreement are not subject to the Indian Act. The Department of Justice`s mandate is to support the dual role of the Minister of Justice and the Attorney General of Canada. The Ministry supports the Minister of Justice in his responsibilities for 49 laws and areas of federal law by ensuring a bilingual and biased national legal framework, mainly in the following areas: criminal justice (including juvenile justice); family justice; access to justice; Aboriginal justice; and general public law and private international law. .